Andrea Markowitz, Ph.D.
June 22, 2010
Subtle changes in your facial features can make a big difference in your overall appearance. Learn how plastic surgery and cosmetic procedures can turn drooping eyelids into inviting peepers; fix an out-of-joint nose; sculpt a chiseled chin; flesh out flat cheeks; and plump shrunken lips.
Eyelids that sag and droop as your skin thins with age limit your range of vision and make you look older. Eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty) on your upper lids will improve your visual field, and on your upper and/or lower lids will help you look younger.
The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery suggests combining a brow or cheek lift with your blepharoplasty in order to keep your facial structures balanced, and recommends that your eyelid surgery be performed by an ophthalmologist who's jointly trained as a plastic surgeon.
Nose surgery ( rhinoplasty) re-proportions and repositions one or more aspects of your nose to balance its size and shape in relation to the rest of your facial structures. Rhinoplasty is also used for eliminating bumps and straightening a crooked nose. Your plastic surgeon may also recommend chin surgery to ensure your nose and chin are proportionate to one another, according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.
Chin surgery includes chin reduction (mentoplasty) and augmentation (genioplasty). Augmentation involves inserting bone, biological or synthetic implants to make small chins more prominent. Chin surgery may be done in conjunction with nose augmentation or facelifts to achieve facial balance.
Cheek implants (submalar and malar augmentation) add emphasis to poorly-defined cheekbones, restore fullness to age-related sagging and create facial symmetry. To ensure overall facial feature balance, your plastic surgeon may recommend including cheek implants when you're having rhinoplasty and/or a face lift. Dermal fillers such as Radiesse® can also be used to fill out hollow cheeks.
Lip augmentation and enhancement may be achieved by using a fat transfer (with tissue taken from your own body) or from dermal fillers, such as ArteFill®, Zyderm®, Restylane® and Juvederm®. Different solutions produce different results, so discuss each option with your dermatologist or plastic surgeon.
To learn more visit the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Plastic Surgery Review and American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Consult with your dermatologist and plastic surgeon to determine which procedures, if any, are right for you.